This playlist is a collection of 100 organ-fused Jazz-, Soul- and Blues- songs from the late 50’s to the mid 60’s. In all the songs, the sound of the Hammond organ (or in some cases, the Combo organ) is crucial. It features such organists as Jimmy Smith, Milt Buckner, Brother Jack McDuff, Shirley Scott, Trudy Pitts, Dave “Baby” Cortez, Ethel Smith, Earl Grant, Sylvester "Sly" Stone, Booker T. Jones and many more.
The Hammond organ is an electric organ invented by Laurens Hammond in 1934 and manufactured by the Hammond Organ Company. While the Hammond organ was originally sold to churches as a lower-cost alternative to the wind-driven pipe organ, in the late 1950s and 1960s it became a standard keyboard instrument for jazz, blues, rock, church and gospel music.
The original Hammond organ used additive synthesis of waveforms from harmonic series made by mechanical tone wheels that rotate in front of electromagnetic pickups. The component waveform ratios are mixed by sliding drawbars mounted above the two keyboards. Although many different models of Hammond organs were produced, the Hammond B-3 organ is most well-known. Milt Buckner pioneered the use of the Hammond organ in jazz in the late 1940s. In the late 1950s and throughout the 1960s the distinctive sound of the B-3 organ (often played through a Leslie speaker) was widely used in jazz bands and in organ trios, such as Jimmy Smith's organ trio.
Both the Gospel- and Jazz- scene made heavy use of Hammonds, but during the 60's a type of simple, portable electronic organ called the combo organ became increasingly popular, especially with pop and rock bands. The most popular combo organs were manufactured by Farfisa and Vox.