Flamenco Rumba (also called Rumba Flamenca, Rumba Gitana, Gypsy Rumba or Spanish Rumba) is a style of Flamenco music from Spain. Its style derives from the influence of Afro-Cuban Rumba brought back from Cuba to Spain in the 19th century but it is played with guitars and hand clapping, some body slaps and castanets, while the Cuban one uses drums and claves. However, modern performers (guitarists and dance groups) such as Paco de Lucia and Tomatito have incorporated congas and cajon to the percussion section as well as handclapping but have not prominently featured the clave.
Rumba Flamenca became very popular in Catalonia in the 1950s and 60's with pop stars like Peret, Carmen Amaya and El Pescailla, generating a sub-style called Rumba Catalana. It is also very popular in the Camargue region of France, home of Manitas de Plata, José Reyes & Los Reyes and the Gipsy Kings. In recent years, Rumba flamenca has become increasingly popular in the United States and other parts of the world.
Nuevo Flamenco ("New Flamenco") is synonymous with contemporary flamenco and is a modern derivative of traditional flamenco (see the cafés cantantes period, and Ramón Montoya (1880–1949)).
It is widely accepted that Nuevo Flamenco started in 1975 with the Lole y Manuel first album Nuevo Día. Although the most important early pioneers of modern flamenco are widely accepted to be the guitarist Paco de Lucía, and singer Camarón de la Isla (the king), other musical genres have also played a key role in influencing nuevo flamenco. The central focal points of this genre are compás (rhythm), baile (dance), and cante (song). Although the guitar is arguably the most common instrument in flamenco, it is said that the person playing the instrument is flamenco, not the instrument itself.
Some of today's leading flamenco guitarists are Paco de Lucia, Tomatito, Tekameli. Some of today's leading flamenco singers are Diego El Cigala, Duquende, Enrique Morente, and his daughter Estrella Morente.
There is also, particularly in the United States, a movement of music which is derived in part from flamenco, as well as world, jazz, and Latin music influences, among others. While these influences have as much an impact on this music as flamenco, it is a common misconception among the public to refer to it as "flamenco."